According to history , cigars or cigars were consumed by the Indians when Christopher Columbus arrived in San Salvador in 1492. Columbus also introduced this custom to Europeans. Before the advent of paper-rolled tobacco, Europeans smoked cigars.
Although both are the result of tobacco processing, cigars have many differences when compared to ordinary cigarettes. Starting from the selection of raw materials, the manufacturing process, the structure, and the content of the substances contained therein.
1. Raw Materials
If you look at the raw materials used, cigars only use sliced and fermented tobacco leaves. In contrast to cigarettes that use chopped dry tobacco leaves. Not only for the stuffing, cigars also use tobacco leaves instead of paper.
The quality of the Nicotina tabacum leaves used is not arbitrary. Serutu includes only the highest quality leaves and without stems. In contrast to cigarettes, which still leave a leaf stem in the product. Find cerutu here fumar.ch
2. Manufacturing Process
In a documentary video about the cigar industry in Cuba, it is told that it took at least two to three years to make this cigarette product. In addition, all processes are done by hand.
First of all, after being harvested, the tobacco leaves will be dried. Then, these dry leaves will be fermented and then sorted into filling and wrapping leaves. The leaves that pass the quality control will be split open to separate the stems. After that, the pieces were grouped into right and left leaf pieces.
If you are confused as to why the leaves above are grouped into right and left cut, it turns out that they are for rolling. In order for it to be rolled neatly, the right-hand cutting tobacco wraps only the right-hand stuffing tobacco. Vice versa.
After that, the stuffing leaves are stored in a wooden box until they age for one to two years. When ready, the leaves will be sorted by size. Meanwhile, the wrapping leaves do not go through the aging process and are used immediately after being split.
The cigars are then labeled and wrapped. Some expensive brands even put them in wooden boxes to keep the tobacco moist.
In the manufacture of ordinary cigarettes, the newly harvested tobacco leaves go through a curing process and then chop them thinly. Then give the chopped sauce and dry it in the sun. After that, the tobacco will be rolled into cigarettes.
Usually, a cigarette consists of wrapping paper, chopped tobacco, and a filter if any. The wrapping paper used is not the same as paper for notebooks, but paper made from cellulose acetate. Not only for wrapping paper, this material is also used to make filters.
In a cigar, the structure is a filler, binder, and wrapper. The filler is the stuffing, the binder binds the stuffing so it doesn’t come off, and the wrapper is the wrapper. The three of them are made from tobacco leaves.
Filler uses tobacco that is deliberately made into stuffing. Meanwhile binders and wrappers use leaves for wrapping. The difference is, the binder uses the part of the leaf that is close to the stem because it is stronger.
Once wrapped, cigars usually have two ends. The tip that is slightly convex is called the cap, where the mouth sucks in smoke. While the part with a flat tip is called the foot, where the leaves are burned. The middle part is usually called the body.
4. Content of substances in cigars
Because both tobacco-processed products, both cigarettes and cigars contain a substance called nicotine and produce tar when burned. Indeed, the fermentation process reduces nicotine levels, but the amount of tobacco in a cigar is more than in ordinary cigarettes. Because of this, the nicotine and tar levels in a cigar stick are much higher.
Cigars are not like cigarettes, which have to have nicotine and tar on the packaging. But it is estimated, one stick contains nicotine and tar like a pack of ordinary cigarettes.