October 22, 2021

Contra Mare

Slick Healthy

MEDICAL TREATMENTS FOR ACNE: A DERMATOLOGIST SHARES HIS KNOWLEDGE

Depending on the severity of your acne, your dermatologist may prescribe acne treatments such as:

• Topical retinoids (eg adapalene) to unclog pores 

• Topical benzoyl peroxide to kill bacteria and reduce inflammation 

• Antibiotic tablets such as doxycycline 

• Isotretinoin tablets (Accutane) to reduce sebum production

All medical acne treatments have possible side effects. Topical treatments can cause skin irritation and peeling. Oral antibiotics often cause sensitivity to sunlight. Isotretinoin causes extreme dryness of the skin and lips, as well as photosensitivity or even nosebleeds. Read on to find out what to do about the side effects.

Unfortunately, no acne treatment works overnight. Being faithful to your treatment is key to obtaining good results.

WHAT TREATMENTS FOR ACNE? DO THEY REALLY WORK?

We are here to guide you.

Doctors have an arsenal of effective acne treatments, dermocosmetics or prescription medications, that need to be tailored to the severity of each case. Read on for advice from our associate dermatologist, Dr. Philippe Beaulieu, on solutions for mild, moderate, and severe (cystic) acne … and their side effects.

TREATMENT FOR MILD ACNE (SOME BLACK SPOTS AND SMALL IMPERFECTIONS AFFECTING LESS THAN 50{4308aaa3d6c58579592c487df37120127b0a7852d67136d7415ef9fe1ab3d624} OF THE FACE)

For mild acne, I recommend a topical solution as an appropriate dermo-cosmetic, such as a benzoyl peroxide product or a product containing an adapalene-type retinoid to unclog pores. Benzoyl peroxide kills P. acnes, the bacteria responsible for blemishes, and reduces redness and exfoliates dead cells. Retinoids are a group of vitamin A derivatives with superlative results for acne. They help exfoliate surface cells that clog pores.

SIDE EFFECTS OF BENZOYL PEROXIDE AND TOPICAL RETINOIDS

These treatments can leave skin red, irritated, and dwarfed, with a visible scaly surface. You may also feel an itching and burning sensation.

WHAT TO DO WITH SIDE EFFECTS OF TOPICAL TREATMENTS FOR ACNE

Don’t worry if your skin flakes at first, it will get used to the treatment. If it’s still cracked, try switching to a lower-strength formula, reducing it with an oil-free moisturizer, or spacing out applications.

SOLUTIONS FOR MODERATE TO SEVERE ACNE (CLOGGED PORES, IMPERFECTIONS AND SOME NODULES, AFFECTING MORE THAN HALF OF THE FACE)

For moderate to severe acne, I combine the same topical treatment with oral antibiotics, such as doxycycline, to kill the bacteria that cause blemishes. In most cases, this can heal the pimples. Here the other information from omnicosmic.net for blemish that you need to know.

SIDE EFFECTS OF ORAL ANTIBIOTICS LIKE DOXICICLIN

Oral medications, such as doxycycline, make the skin very sensitive to sunlight. This means that even moderate sun exposure can leave you with shrimp-like colors. Another problem with antibiotics is that the bacteria can develop resistance over time, making treatment less effective.

WHAT TO DO ABOUT THE SIDE EFFECTS OF ORAL ANTIBIOTICS FOR ACNE

Make sure to protect your skin with a suitable high SPF (30-50) sunscreen during the day. The best over-the-counter treatments, like Effaclar Duo (+) SPF30, combine active ingredients for acne-prone skin with a strong sunscreen. Whichever product you choose, opt for light, oil-free and non-comedogenic formulas. Your doctor will limit the duration of your antibiotic treatment to prevent you from developing resistance to antibiotics.

TREATMENT FOR SEVERE OR CYSTIC ACNE (THE ENTIRE FACE IS AFFECTED, CYST / NODULES ARE PRESENT)

For severe or cystic acne, I prescribe a very powerful treatment called isotretinoin (Accutane). It targets excess oil production at the root of the problem, and can even cure cystic acne. However, this medication is strong, and it can have serious side effects. It needs to be prescribed with great care.