A woman’s egg cannot be separated from the process of reproduction and fertility. You could say, its role is equivalent to that of sperm in men. The slightest interference with a woman’s egg cell, then her fertility can be affected.
Knowing more about a woman’s egg, will open your eyes further about pregnancy, menstruation, fertility, to infertility.
Female egg production
Unlike sperm, which can be produced periodically, a woman’s egg is only produced once in a lifetime. When a baby girl is born, she already has a number of eggs that will not increase again for the rest of her life.
At birth, there are between 700,000 to two million female eggs in the body. This number continues to decrease with age. Each month, a girl will lose about 11,000 eggs until she reaches puberty .
Entering adolescence, the remaining female egg cells in the body have decreased a lot, to around 300,000-400,000 pieces. Of these, only about 500 eggs will be used in the process of ovulation, or the release of eggs for fertilization.
Entering puberty and beyond, women will lose about 1,000 eggs each month. When a woman’s egg is used up, she is no longer fertile. This condition generally occurs at the age of 40 years, followed by menopause ten years later.
Keep in mind, the age of menopause for each woman can be different, depending on several factors, such as a history of disease and lifestyle. Some women, can lose their eggs more quickly, and some more slowly.
The role of the female egg in fertility
You could say, the egg is one of the main determinants of a woman’s fertility. Female eggs are produced in the ovaries or ovaries. In the same place, the egg is ripened.
If the egg is considered ready to be fertilized, then the cell will be released, heading to the fallopian tube, to then meet the sperm ready to fertilize. This process is known as ovulation. Read more naturalfertility.gr
If fertilization is successful, the fertilized egg will then move to the uterus. There, the egg will stick to the thickened uterine wall, because it has been prepared for pregnancy. After that, the woman’s egg will continue to develop into a fetus.
The thickening of the uterine wall occurs every month. However, if there is no egg cell attached, the wall will be shed and removed from the body in the form of blood. This process is called menstruation.
Disorders related to the female ovum
Conditions or diseases associated with egg cells, will affect a woman’s fertility. Here are some conditions disorders that can occur in a woman’s egg cell.
1. Failure to ovulate
When the egg cannot be released from the ovary, fertilization cannot occur. Failure to ovulate can be caused by various conditions, such as aging, endocrine disorders, to diseases such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
2. Egg cells can not mature perfectly
In addition to not being able to ovulate, a woman’s egg can also not mature perfectly. This condition can be caused by various things, one of which is obesity . An immature egg, may not be released at the right time, and cannot be fertilized.
3. Implantation failure
Implantation is the process of attaching a woman’s fertilized egg to the wall of the uterus, as the beginning of the pregnancy process. However, under certain conditions, the egg can fail to attach to the uterine wall.
The causes can vary, ranging from endometriosis, genetic abnormalities in the embryo, to the presence of resistance to the hormone progesterone.
4. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
PCOS is one of the most common disorders that cause infertility or infertility in women. PCOS is a disorder caused by excess production of androgen hormones in the ovaries and adrenal glands. Excess of this hormone can interfere with the release of a woman’s egg during ovulation.
5. Primary ovarian insufficiency
Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) is a condition in which the ovaries cannot function normally, even if the woman is under 40 years of age. This occurs because the follicle, the part of the ovary that is used to mature eggs, is disturbed.
In contrast to early menopause, women with POI are still likely to get pregnant, even if their periods are irregular. Because, women with POI can still produce eggs and women who have menopause or early menopause, can’t.