The black aronia ( Aronia melanocarpa ) or Chokeberry, is one of the fruits of the forest with the highest content of total phenolic compounds (commonly called antioxidants). It has high concentrations of phenolic acids (caffeic, coumaric, chlorogenic …), condensed tannins (proanthocyanidins) and flavonoids such as anthocyanins, flavonols, flavones, flavanones, catechins and chalcones. All this makes aronia one of the fruits with the highest antioxidant power that exists, always occupying the top positions in the ORAC classification (classification that measures the antioxidant power of the fruit).
It is also low in calories and gives us a high concentration of fiber, Vitamin C, vitamin K and manganese. It is also a rich source of folic acid, iron, vitamin A and vitamin E and in smaller amounts it also provides carotenoids, pectins, organic acids and carbohydrates (sugars).
Isn’t it really incredible that all this is within the same fruit?
Next we are going to tell you all its properties and benefits, which will make you hallucinate in colors.
This compilation has not been easy for us, since there are still few studies and most of them are very complex and it is not easy to synthesize and translate all the information correctly. Although thanks to the recent interest of aronia for the food industry, in recent years new studies are being carried out and it is very possible that there are still benefits of aronia to be discovered.
But before getting into the subject, if you still don’t know aronia, I invite you to read our blog entry “what is aronia” with the most complete information about these plants and their fruits.
Thanks to its great benefits and the rapid development of superfoods, the consumption of aronia is becoming known around the world.So let’s go!
Without a doubt, the very high concentration of antioxidants that aronia has is its hallmark, especially in anthocyanins and flavonoids .
Aronia has 1,480 mg of anthocyanins per 100 grams of fresh fruit, a real outrage!
And it is this extremely high concentration of anthocyanins, only equaled by blueberry ( Vaccinium corymbosum ) and black elderberry ( Sambucus nigra ), which gives it incredible properties and benefits for our health. Anthocyanins are powerful antioxidants (which the plant creates to defend itself against ultraviolet radiation) and which give aronia the black color.
Aronia fruits have an antioxidant power of 16,062 micromoles of Trolox equivalent (TE) while other berries such as black currant do not exceed 8,000.
Aronia berries, thanks to the presence and high content of these bioactive components, exhibit a wide range of positive effects. In addition to their strong antioxidant and antiradical activity, they also have gastroprotective, hepatoprotective, cardioprotective, immunomodulatory, antiproliferative, anticancer, antibacterial, antiviral, antimutagenic and anti-inflammatory properties.
This exorbitant concentration of antioxidants makes the consumption of aronia bring us endless benefits:
. Delays aging and cellular oxidation, thanks to its power to eliminate free radicals from our body
. It promotes the inhibition of the proliferation of cancer cells and the elimination of free radicals. In addition, the antioxidants in aronia can eliminate free radicals for longer periods of time.
. The high antioxidant activity of aronia makes possible its effective use in the treatment of chronic diseases related to oxidative stress, especially diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer.
. It prevents the accumulation of cholesterol in the arteries thanks to the fact that it also prevents the oxidation of fats.
. Helps prevent neurodegenerative diseases.
. Athletes make their hearts work harder and consume more oxygen, which consequently causes more oxidation. Thanks to its high antioxidant power, aronia extract is an ideal reinforcement for all athletes that, in addition, taken in juice, hydrates and has very few calories.
. Recent studies have observed that the interaction between the different antioxidants present in aronia can create a synergy and enhance the antiradical activity much more, increasing even more the benefits that the consumption of aronia brings to our health.
And it is this extremely high concentration of antioxidants, such as tannins, that gives it its characteristic astringent taste. You can’t have everything!
The anti – inflammatory properties of aronia are related to the prevention of the development of chronic diseases, such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and chronic problems of the immune system. The anti-inflammatory effect of aronia is essential in the prevention of chronic diseases. Aronia berries also have antibacterial and antiviral effects and this synergy also serves to prevent inflammation.